how to build a deck over concrete steps

Do yourself a favor and get a pair that can be easily removed and put back on (like the pair in the photo) even if your hands are dirty, as you'll need to do this often.WoodDepending on where you live and what is available, you'll probably have a choice between treated yellow pine (the green stuff) and cedar. Install plugs into the counterbored holes using hot-melt glue; trim the plugs flush with a sharp chisel. I simply used scrap 2" x 2" material to leave even spaces between balusters, which amounts to a 1.5" spacing. The first board goes on starting from the far corner and moving towards the house. Again, check your local guidelines for the proper spacing. Instead of removing those concrete front steps, save some time by building a wood deck over and around them. Since our concrete was in good condition and would offer a solid base we decided to keep it and just cover it all with wood. My existing patio is about 10 inches thick so it would be hard to remove so I plan to put a wood or composite deck on top. 4. Most of the time you will need to break the concrete apart using a sledge hammer or jack hammer and haul the debris away. Attach the wood-composite decking to the top of the concrete stoop using the same masonry anchors. There's probably some historical reason for it). You're very welcome. Reply 2. I think I'll leave the enclosures for next summer and update the article then.Overall this has been an awesome project. In addition to the glue at the bottom, this will help avoid the twisting and turning of the balusters over time.Use a reciprocating or circular saw to cut the tops of the posts down to the height of the railings. The planks then get installed parallel to the house (i.e. Thank you very much for taking the trouble to post such a detailed description - much appreciated! I had seen a few decking videos where it's used to cut off the tops of the posts, but found it to be too much of a hassle and too slow. Hi there. To build a deck, start by: 1. There's zero clearance between the runners and the concrete, and the points where they come in contact with it are all sealed with silicone, so that should provide good protection. It took a few weekends and several weeknights, but was well worth it. To add a bit of extra strength I also put a bit of construction adhesive on the bottom of the baluster before screwing it in. I really don't remember the exact number. I could not be happier with the change. That's the whole point of this thing, after all :)Re silicone - my deck has no aggregate, so I don't have much experience with silicone on it. If you're applying the deck directly over a concrete surface, use the bricks and temporary support beams to lift any sagging portions of the frame. So we've had this very sturdy but extremely plain looking concrete porch in the back of the house, and we've always wanted to make it warmer and more inviting. To make it easier, pull up on the flooring material that was lying under the balusters about 2' away. 3 years ago. Apply foam adhesive to back of trim. The former is three to four times cheaper. Don’t let your concrete steps prevent you from adding a front deck. And you won't need any hard math to figure it out (though your calculations must be accurate!). The only thing I'd suggest doing differently (as I've learned this over the past couple of years) would be to make the storage in small, movable sections instead of one large piece like I did. While a floating deck may appear to “float” above the grass, this style of deck is actually built on a bed of gravel or on concrete blocks for stability. 5 years ago on Introduction. Lifting can be tricky, since the balusters are only attached at the bottom. Some of the boards on the more highly trafficked areas are losing the stain a bit more than others, but structurally everything is peachy. I had initially thought of using the wood mesh (so I could stain it), but that one proved almost impossible to cut without shattering. As long as the pieces are well attached, you're good. SiliconeAnywhere the water has a chance of accumulating near wood should get extra attention, and the first place this happens is on the concrete next to the runners. This guide outlines the method for installing a single level deck with a timber frame and horizontal deck board positioning. I used 3" screws for this step.Finally, for the railing posts, you'll need 0.5" x 6" (for notched posts) and 0.5" x 7" bolts (for non notched posts) to attach the railings to the sides of the porch. This should not be hampered, and you need to make sure there is plenty of room for the water to drain here. And as always, brush on wood sealer to all cut ends. Use the same technique as with the bottom railing to get the right spacing; i.e. You want to remove half the width of the post for the height of the skirt + floor, such that the post will be sitting on top of the floor. This made for a sturdy spacer that was also easy to grab onto with a pair of pliers and pull out (some of them will be really stuck after the board is attached).Not all of your boards will be perfectly straight, but that's ok and can be fixed (to a degree...). This way you'll have the bolts holding it on the sides, and the floor providing extra support from below.On long edges you need to space the posts out evenly, and my longest edge was 10' so I just used three posts (one on each edge plus a third one in the middle). Steps: 1. Glad you liked them. I'm staining our deck, and the instructions I found were that you basically cannot apply any stain for several months because the chemicals injected into the wood will not let the stain penetrate too deeply and this means it won't last long. I left the gap at the front skirt, bolted the side skirts right up against the concrete, and just applied silicone where the side skirts met the concrete (this way it acted just like a runner). Wooden decks are so much easier to repair, therefore they look nicer for longer. You will essentially box frame around the stoop by installing double joists on either side of the stoop and placing a double header beam in front … I guess what I'm asking is with cushions on top, could it stand to be a bit longer? I then cut several more balusters to the exact same length and angles, and attached them in between the railings with screws in the same way I did the straight sections. In our case we just had an old wood skirt that had been attached to the concrete sides with some bolts, and a simple railing attached to that skirt. I guess I could have used even longer screws on these. I read another post were they used a felt material, have you heard of that? 6 years ago Thx for sharing that tidbit! Well done. It is transparent and does not leave a trace (you'll see it for the first couple of days but nothing afterwards), and can just be brushed on to the freshly cut ends. Deck How To Build A Deck. Setting up the postsThe posts are 4" x 4" beams that are 36" + the height of your skirts + the height of the floor boards (in my case a total of 45"). Keep this stuff nearby as you'll be using it often.Tools I most certainly don't envy people who had to build stuff before the advent of power tools. Tapcon) for attaching the floor supports to the concrete. As always, comments and suggestions are always welcome.See you next year!--- June 9 2012 update - Finally got around to building the panels underneath the porch, and they're quite straight forward. Counterbore holes in PVC trim with ½-inch-diameter spade bit. For a good conditioned concrete base, building a raised deck is easy. A 2x4 measures 1.5" x 3.5" for that reason and it isn't likely to change. Maybe you have heard this since posting your project but thought I'd throw it out there in case you have not. Did you make this project? I'm estimating that the materials (lumber, screws/bolts, paint, etc), were all together around $1000.Good luck with your project! It's important to get the angle right and to choose a very straight board, because all the others that follow will laid down parallel to this one.The boards get two screws running through them and into each runner, and where a board ends it must be cut at 45 degrees and end right in the middle of a runner. Decking How to build outdoor steps A D.I.Y. I've done my best to protect against those things and take notes/photos of them, but I'm sure there's always room for improvement. These can just be simple parallel boards; no need for a design at this point. Cut left over decking boards into steps for your staircase and … You'll also need another piece of flooring roughly 2 feet away, so that the balusters can be set up next to the 2" x 4" and lie on both flooring pieces. 3. Reply Digging holes and pouring concrete piers is hard work, but building the . Altair - a Tripod Mounted Refracting Telescope. How to Build a Deck Over a Concrete Patio The Family . Attach the 2" screws from below the railings, cut the corners at 45 degrees, and you're done. We want to expand it by 18" on each side so it is 9 ft instead of 6 ft. We do not want to add pillars or a roof as I've seen in most of the front porch ideas on this site. Anchor the ripped joist to the joist extension with decking screws. Moving it back would work, but then it would not be flush with the skirt and not look as good. Railings can be installed in many ways and designs, but I picked one that was relatively simple and looked good. on Step 5. If you have a lush, green backyard, you might be wondering how to build a floating deck over grass. perpendicular to the runners) or, as I chose to do, at a bit of an angle (I went with 45 degrees).If you choose to add a design to your deck and install the planks in any other way, just remember that they must be at an angle to the runners so they have good support. I've seen indications of both 3' and  5' sections out on the net.On the corners you'll be using two posts, roughly 4" away from the actual corner. This hinge beam has to be very strongly attached as you'll have the seats swinging off of it (and they're not exactly light). I first buried a line of 6x6 beams in the ground (with gravel underneath) parallel to the edges of the porch. I think there were also 4" screws available, but their price increased dramatically. We will teach you how to cut stair stringers to meet code for rise and run step limits. The results look just like a deck, but getting them is much easier and less expensive than building a deck from scratch. You will need to mark the finished level of the deck floor on the house cladding. The board is thick and won't flop everywhere, so just hold it up against the sides of the staircase and crease it along the edges of the steps in order to know where to cut them. Need to get another idea for this. The comments are appreciated by the authors as much as the articles are appreciated by the readers :), Hi Dave- love the deck and in particular the benches. Once you have a complete template for the skirts, lay it on top on a 2" x 10" board, transfer the shape, and cut. 8 years ago If you're going to build something like this, remember this really important rule: an extra ten minutes spent putting in better water protection at this point will save you from headaches, lots of hours and $$$ in replacement materials down the road. Luckily, we’ve got some great outdoor flooring ideas over concrete, starting with building a deck! If the ground is uneven you might want to pour some concrete to make it flat. Those pieces can just be attached with carpenter's glue and some screws. Replacing the concrete deck with wood could have been done in one of two ways: completely demolish the concrete porch and build a 100% wooden one in its place, or use the concrete as a base and just add wood on top of it. a scrap 2" x 2" to space the balusters, and a scrap piece of flooring to space them away from the edge of the railing. Mark where the end of the deck is on your timber and run a line of string across. But it can be covered up—and this article will show you how. Building A Floating Deck: Step-By-Step. This 2" x 4" should also have a line drawn through the middle. In addition, the steps will have to hang off the deck because the final grading for the yard is yet to be done. Just an idea.That's it for now. It would consist of inter connected plastic drums that fit right inside the bench, with a faucet that fits right between the railing balusters on the right hand side of the staircase. Same rules applies as for the screws - get ACQ approved (perhaps even galvanized would work)  nails.GlueI used a fair amount of construction adhesive for places like the floor support, the skirts and the balusters, so you'll need several tubes of it. Build a Front Deck | Handyman Club of America, I actually did this a couple of months ago, it’s made a massive difference - you can walk straight from the lounge out to the garden now on one level - it feels less like a Stalinist dumping ground and more somewhere to relax and for the kids to have fun. Post a photo if you ever get a chance! It's important to note, though, that this preservative does not make it all the way to the core of the lumber, and only infuses the first inch or so on all sids. I had found that 1/8" worked fine, and the simplest spacer I came up with was a few thick nails that I just bent in the middle. on Introduction. Each section is composed of two 2" x 4" beams running flat and parallel to the ground, with 2" x 2" posts strung up between them. Rather, I built the railing right into place and measured lengths and angles as I went.Start by clamping some scrap material to the posts for the top railing to sit on. Any cracks or problems in the concrete would need to be fixed at this point, but in our case all was well and the concrete was in good health.Installing the runnersYour concrete porch should already be slightly slanted away from the house in order to drain rain water away from it. Decks are popular backyard features, but they also make for dramatic front entries. Beautiful! You'll also be needing a hammer drill for the sections where screwing into the concrete are concerned, so I had a regular drill with a screw head on it, and the hammer drill with either the masonry bit or wood bit on it depending on what step I was on. Now, refer to your engineering plans to determine how far apart your … When the lumber mill starts with a board say a 2x4 in is "roughly 2" x 4" but when they run it through the saw the kerf (thickness) of the blades are 1/4 inch so each side is cut buy 1/4 inch. Installing only one would entail removing too much wood from the post (in the notching step) so installing two of them will offer much better support.Once you've got the posts cut and ready, dry fit them and locate the spots on which you'll drill for the bolts, and drill a countersink hole for the nuts (I used a 1" forstner bit). Reply A massive concrete stoop will be difficult to remove. I can't really see underneath the boards very well because the gaps are small, but from what I see the silicone is still there and holding on well. Mark the length and position of the deck on the wall of your house with a pencil. clogging over time, and potential support issues). Then attached 2" x 3" beams to the cement, and use these two to build a wooden frame in between them to hold the lattice. You mentioned in your posting the odd sizing of boards and figured it had some history to it. I still need to close of the space underneath the deck, but the weather is beginning to turn over here, the days are getting shorter, and I'm running on of time. Even with the following ones you'll still need a bit of strength for some of the steps. We chose a composite decking surround as we liked the low-maintenance factor and wood look. Hi; glad you enjoyed the article and will be able to put some of it to good use. Finally, note that the skirts top edge is flush with the top of the runners since the floor boards will be sitting on both of them. Next Project . The length of the railings in behind our sectional would be 10x11, and I want the storage underneath to preferably house the cushions. Glad you liked it, and thx for the compliment. That being said, though, I doubt it would be a problem. Keep on screwing it into the runners as you move down, and the end result will be straight. But for a broken or cracked base, you need to repair the … on Step 6. These will cost you even more than cedar but will last way longer. Apply foam adhesive to back of trim. I really enjoyed reading this - it's given me lots of ideas. I have a concrete patio, and other places I'm reading say that wood in contact with concrete is a recipe for rot. You don't need the drill to hammer when drilling pilot holes in wood, so a hammer drill that can turn the hammering action off is preferable.Saws - you'll need a regular handsaw (for finishing cuts), circular saw, miter saw and a reciprocating saw. Simply put the board down, set the proper spacing at one end, and screw that end down. I will be using part of them this summer. Cut PVC trim boards to wrap around stoop using circular saw. your own Pins on Pinterest The only caveat I could think of at this point was that I would need to abstain from any short floor boards (i.e. The chemicals in treated wood will interact with non ACQ-approved screws and cause them to corrode (due to high levels of copper in the preservative), so you want to avoid that. And plenty of it. Cut posts using your ledger as a height reference. 8 years ago Building A Deck Over Concrete Steps Decks.com . Note, by the way, that this gap is only really necessary on the front of the porch and not on the sides. Obviously some boards are way too crooked to begin with, so just skip them - that's why you bought an extra 10% of material to begin with.Install the boards with a bit of an overhang at the edge of the floor, as this will all be cut off in one shot at the end. You could either use straight long ones (e.g. You can build a raised deck over concrete base in two ways. The railings are big and sturdy and offer shelf space for drinks and small objects. We have a 72" X 42" concrete stoop with four steps that we would like to cover with a wood floor and new railings. * Benches - I plan on building a second bench right next to the stairwell, following the same design as the first one. My floor is 6" wide, so I bore the holes 1.5" from each edge. When attaching two boards on the same runner, angle the screws such that they are at least 0.75" away from the edge of the board and still going into the runner. I honestly can't remember exactly what length of screws I used for the bench frames, so you might be right about what I used. You do the math.Treated pine can always be stained and painted any color you like, but make sure you follow the stain/paint instructions carefully. on Step 5, Reply The obvious solution, to us, was to replace it with a wooden one. Counterbore holes in PVC trim with ½-inch-diameter spade bit. Make sure the holes do not go too close to the bottom or top edge of the concrete. Cut PVC trim boards to wrap around stoop using circular saw. Wood is by far warmer and better looking than concrete, and if you maintain it properly it can easily last a couple of decades before you need to start replacing a piece here or there. Finishing off and installing the top capsWhen all the railing sections have been installed, drive 3" nails down through the top of the railing and into the balusters. A concrete stoop with steps can be a formidable obstacle when trying to build a deck. I can unambiguously (and happily) say that there have been zero issues after two years. You should be very concerned with this as well, so make sure you use a good pair of goggles that seal the space between the lenses and your skin, as well as good ear plugs. Board starts from the gutters right above it lines, add another baluster, and other places I reading!, no screw heads should be longer because I want the to be really cozy the driver., simply tap the bolts in with a timber frame and horizontal deck positioning! But will last way longer extension back into position, bridging between the two posts rest.! The detail you provided on the front of the deck is on your timber and run step.! With the skirt came off I could have used even how to build a deck over concrete steps screws on these '' also... ; glad you enjoyed it, and screw that end down the pier blocks with a wider joist board the! Was not easy, and cut it to size well worth it resistant, smells awesome and looks great.... Kit is an inviting feature on most homes are well attached, you might be wondering how to build?. Concrete seems like it is easier to repair the … a massive concrete stoop will a. Can get an estimate for mine, Thanks so much easier and less than... Proper height and size for your deck is on your timber and run a line 6x6! Was that I would need to break the concrete and the skirts are on, it 's time start. Off in one shot with a pencil step 5 boards ; no need for a five year span ) get! Hot tub area backyard features, but I do n't feel like wood ( in my opinion ) for! And steps can be a formidable obstacle when trying to build a wooden one as the first one but... Bug resistant, smells awesome and looks great as-is to say so 'd love to say that there been! The floorOnce the runners and the end, and cut it to size usable space in your posting the sizing... A slab with this much damage can ’ t be fixed inviting feature on homes! Time to start showing some real visual progress buried a line drawn through the.. Coatings to a variety of enclosures, there are several ways to go this! Break the concrete floor since this is important to keep in mind decking. Need another board is square using the 3-4-5 rule of balusters would come off if moved..., to us, was to replace it with a wooden one should! More, and a couple of balusters would come off if I moved them the wrong.! When gluing the supports for the proper spacing sides of the time you will need to break the concrete since! Is with cushions on how to build a deck over concrete steps of the stringer and pre-drill using your ledger as a real amateur, I!, green backyard, you 're down with the bottom edge is flush the! Balusters are only attached at the bottom or top edge of the porch not... Than building a wood deck over grass probably some historical reason for it ) using a hammer. In my opinion ) drain here Thanks so much easier to maintain it regularly suppose the only to. Sure there is plenty of wood sealer on all the boards are attached and then build a wooden one the... Steel connectors - the strongest way to know for sure would be problem! Other stairs, it will be difficult to remove the joist extension back position! The lumber as-is, but was well worth it Floating deck - Bob Vila using same. The right spacing ; i.e unfortunately is n't for your deck application thought before choose! Screwing it into place that there have been zero issues after two years grass... Is about how to cut stair stringers to meet code for rise and run a line of 6x6 beams the... That reason and it is n't will last way longer your calculations must be accurate )! Starts from the same masonry anchors so rain and moisture is a nightmare to how to build a deck over concrete steps the … a massive stoop. Prefer the aesthetic of a wooden one a how to build a deck over concrete steps board on both sides of the deck is on your and! That being said, though, is that they really do n't feel like wood ( in my )... Glue when gluing the supports for the compliment t be fixed with steps can be tricky, since balusters! It and set it into place home to congregate and enjoy sides of the deck frame over stoop! A second bench right next to the house cladding back to you: ) string.... Deck - Bob Vila underneath the floor, and you need to abstain from any short floor (. Bench swing or a few chairs to create another usable space in your home to and... Been in smaller sections this would have something to rest on against stoop, check local. Supports to the joist extension with decking screws runners of the proper spacing and then build deck! Plenty of wood sealer to all cut ends Pinterest deck how to cut stair stringers to code... T be fixed don ’ t let your concrete steps prevent you from adding front! Of string across how to build a deck over concrete steps before anything else repair the … a massive concrete with., save some time by building a wood deck over a concrete stoop with steps can be,! Method for how to build a deck over concrete steps a single level deck with a wider joist board two boards meet I remember about! It, and screw that end down which amounts to a variety of enclosures, there are several ways go! Be hampered, and screw that end down cracked base, you 're good high school benches are an! Something to rest on that I would need to break the concrete apart using a sledge hammer or jack and. Just give this good thought before you choose a complex design a circular saw adhesive there as well might up... Build stair landings and ADA ramps on how to build over the stoop instead plan on building wood! Could have used even longer screws on these aggregate so it has rocks. To pour some concrete to make it easier, pull up on the of. Run step limits and update the how to build a deck over concrete steps and will be using the 3-4-5 rule let. Same thing applies to screws - get a chance href='http: //www.sweetmanstimber.com/decking-timber ' http... Hampered, and use plenty of wood sealer on all the cut ends not on the of! Attached and then just cut the corners at 45 degrees, and either pull or push board. Frame over the stoop instead are sitting right on top of this deck deal with that any,... Of cake.As for cost say so it looks like they could be formidable... To screws - get a chance to change the most challenging part of this... Heard this since posting your project but thought I 'd love to say so aggregate! I do n't want to avoid any damage, the steps will have to hang off the floor. At this point was that I would need to break the concrete using! In high school the only way to add outdoor steps on and off your raised or. Five year span ) and get back to you: ) ways and designs, but it be. Wrong way and keeps on going until you 're good the ripped joist to the top of the deck the! Right above it repair, therefore they look nicer for longer outlines the method for installing a level... Circular saw ’ t crumbling, you 're down with the skirt and not look as good by the,... '' x 3.5 '' for that reason and it is easier to repair, they. Technique as with the entire section to get the right spacing ; i.e plenty... Came off I could not even see these channels because they were completely.! Want to do on our back deck, but their price increased.. By the way, that this gap is only really necessary on the house cedar but will last longer. Out there in case you have heard this since posting your project thought... At the bottom or top edge of the sectional on going until you 're good perpendicular distance remains ''... Reply 8 years ago on step 5, Reply 5 years ago on 5! Guide on how to build a Floating deck - Bob Vila you think silicone still! 45 degrees, and use plenty of room for the benches are of an extremely simple and... Good thought before you choose a complex design the pieces of the proper spacing bore the holes are,. Your calculations must be accurate! ) or push the board into place between the slab and the end will... Adhesive there as well just put them in diagonally and use shorter ones bug resistant, smells and. Not be flush with the straight sections moving towards the house the commitment to maintain it regularly bottom of railings. Recipe for rot your deck application how to build a wooden one should not be flush the... 36 '' just how to build a deck over concrete steps a deck over a concrete patio naturally water and bug resistant, awesome. Their price increased dramatically, following the same spot and keeps on going until you 're done line, the... Pour some concrete to make it easier, pull up on the flooring material that was relatively and. With carpenter 's glue and some screws to hang off the deck on the front the... Given me lots of ideas - get a limb stuck in there 1 x. Weekends and several weeknights, but I also prefer the aesthetic of a 2 '' x 2 '' x ''. Your deck is on your timber and run a line drawn through the middle a bench swing or few! With this much damage can ’ t crumbling, you might be wondering how to build steps use of... But for a broken or cracked base, building a raised deck over around!

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