where is borneo

The main agricultural products include vegetables, cacao, and rubber. The entire coastline has peat swamp forests on infertile soil. On the ground most of the sultanate's eastern sliver is off-limits except to researchers, but you can get a taste of the primeval jungle at Ulu Temburong National Park . Brunei, 411,900. Travel Reservation, Hotel Accommodation, Car hire, Attractions in Borneo and more. Borneo, the world's third largest island, accounts for just 1% of the world's land yet holds approximately 6% of global biodiversity in its rich, tropical forests. The Arowana is thought to bring luck, wealth, prosperity and strength – all positive feng shui. Our Top Tours for wildlife include Sukau Rainforest Lodge, Malaysia’s only National Geographic Unique Lodge of the World, the luxurious Borneo Rainforest Lodge in misty Danum Valley, Selingan Island, and Tabin Wildlife Sanctuary. Borneon eteläosat kuuluvat Indonesialle, pohjoisosat Malesialle ja Bruneille. Med en yta på 743 330 km² är den världens tredje största ö. År 2005 hade den 15 721 384 invånare, 2009 18,6 miljoner. Location of Borneo. Most of the rivers are navigable with the Kapuas River system being the longest covering 620 miles followed by the Mahakam River (570 miles), the Rajang (565 miles), the Barito (560 miles), and the Kinabatangan (350 miles) as well as one of the longest underground rivers inside the Clearwater Cave. The Borneo peat swamp forests are home to the world's most desirable aquarium fish, the Arowana (Scleropages formosus). In detail, the Java Sea and Karimata Strait borders Borneo in the south and, were it not for the deep waters separating the island from Sulawesi, the two would have had a land connection. Borneo (-slovenský normovaný názov) alebo Kalimantan je tretí najväčší ostrov na svete nachádzajúci sa v strede malajského súostrovia. Borneo is surrounded by the Java Sea to its south, the Celebes Sea on its east, and the South China Sea to its north. Borneo is the third-largest island in the world (after Greenland and New Guinea), and is located south of Hong Kong, east of Singapore, and north of western Australia. Borneo is pretty well situated in the geographical center of Southeast Asia, just east of Singapore and southwest of the Philippines. From the sky, Brunei's Temburong District looks like all of Borneo once did: an unbroken carpet of primary rainforest unblemished by roads, buildings or logging gashes. Which Countries Share the Island of Borneo. As with all tropical destinations, climates are unpredictable and rainfall The forests are also noted for their epiphytes and for the monster flower (Rafflesia arnoldii), the largest flower in the world. Se sijaitsee Kaakkois-Aasiassa, Malaijien saaristossa Tyynenmeren äärimmäisessä lounaisosassa. Rubber is grown on small native plantations. https://www.britannica.com/place/Borneo-island-Pacific-Ocean, Borneo - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). NOW 50% OFF! It has a length of 830 miles (1,336 km) from northeast to southwest and a maximum breadth of 600 miles (960 km). Brunei is the only sovereign state completely on the island of Borneo; the remainder of the island's territory is divided between the nations of Malaysia and Indonesia. Borneo er delt mellom tre statar. The highest peak in Borneo, Mt. A long series of mountain ranges extend southwest across the island from Mount Kinabalu in the far northeast, which, at an elevation of 13,455 feet (4,101 metres), is the island’s greatest height and is also the tallest peak in Malaysia. Borneo, island in the extreme southwestern part of the Pacific Ocean. On average, annual rainfall amounts to 10 inches. Borneo este a treia insulă ca mărime pe glob, după Groenlanda și Noua Guinee. Borneo (Indonesies: Kalimantan; Maleis: Pulau Borneo), die wêreld se derde grootste eiland, ná Groenland en Nieu-Guinee, beslaan 'n oppervlakte van 743 330 km² en word begrens deur die Suid-Chinese See in die noordweste, die Soeloesee in die noordooste, die Celebessee in die ooste en die Javasee in die suide. The Makassar Strait separates Borneo from the island of Celebes (Sulawesi) to the east and southeast, and a series of shallow seas and straits lie between Borneo and the island of Sumatra to the west. In Indonesien wird die ganze Insel Kalimantan genannt. Borneo (på indonesiska: Kalimantan) är en ö i Sydostasien, belägen i mitten av malackaarkipelagen. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). There are also a great many species of birds, insects, and fish. Jeho územie patrí krajinám Indonézia, Malajzia a Brunej a jeho celková rozloha je 743 330 km². The island is largely mountainous, although there are extensive lowlands, especially in Central Kalimantan and Sarawak, that are often swampy along the coasts. The island of Borneo is divided among Malaysia, Indonesia, and the small, independent nation of Brunei. The main river of East Malaysia is the Rajang in Sarawak. Borneo is the third largest island in the world, spanning an area that is almost 745,000 hectares in size. Gold, diamonds, antimony, mercury, gypsum, and iron have all at some time since the beginning of the 19th century been exploited on an individual producer basis, using small-scale methods. The highest population densities are in South Kalimantan and in eastern, western, and northern coastal areas. Pop. For scale, Borneo is roughly the size of France or Texas. The Island’s climate is largely hot and humid with two seasons (October-March is wet while the rest is fairly dry). Its species range from the distinct Bornean orang utans and elephants to the giant pitcher plants and Rafflesia flowers. Pepper is grown on a large scale by the resident Chinese. Newer markets are for the seeds of the shorea tree and for chicle. It has an area of 288,869 square miles (748,168 square kilometers). Borneo is situated southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the Greater Sunda Islands group of the Malay Archipelago. Din punct vedere politic insula este împărțită între statele Indonezia, Malaezia și Brunei, partea de nord sunt provinciile ce aparțin de Brunei și Malaezia, iar partea cea mai mare „Kalimantan” aparține Indoneziei. Brunei's population was … Agriculture, mining, logging, oil, natural gas extraction, and ecotourism are the main drivers of Borneo’s economy, in fact, Borneo is among the largest oil producers in the Southeast of Asia. It is part of the Indonesian archipelago. ボルネオ島の旅行ガイドならトリップアドバイザー。ボルネオ島のホテル・観光名所・グルメに関する39,832件の口コミやユーザーが投稿した写真を利用して、最高の旅行プランを計画して下さい。 Rice, the staple food, is supplemented with corn (maize), cassava (manioc), cucumber, and pumpkin. The population, of which more than two-thirds is in Indonesian territory, is varied. Borneo is een eiland in Zuidoost-Azië. Rainfall tends to be short heavy bursts followed by sunshine. Øya er verdens tredje største (etter Grønland og Ny-Guinea), og har et areal på 743 330 km². Mount Kinabalu is the tallest point at an elevation of 4, 095 meters. A large part of Borneo is drained by navigable rivers, which represent the principal and often the only lifelines of trade and commerce. East coast development is centred on the Attaka area. Borneo has an extensive cave system that hosts millions of bats and cockroaches as well as guano of up to 330 feet thick. For a region that highly depends on logging to drive the economy, different endemic species like the Bornean orangutan and endangered species like the Bornean clouded leopard and the pygmy elephants face a constant threat of extinction. What is the world’s largest archipelago? Detailed, interactive and static maps of Borneo and satellite images for Borneo. The island is sparsely inhabited by Asian standards. Borneo is largely covered in dense rainforest, and both the floral and the faunal populations of the island are extremely varied. Borneo, also called as Kalimantan, is one of the largest islands of the world. Experimental plantings of coffee, cocoa, and hemp have been made. The Indonesian part of Borneo, known as Kalimantan, covers about 73 percent of the island, while Malaysian Borneo occupies the rest along the northern edge, along with tiny Brunei. Borneo experiences an equatorial climate and therefore is generally hot and humid all year round. Borneo (Community) is located in Nova Scotia (NS) in Canada. Borneo – 3 quốc gia 751.936 100,0 19.804.064 100.0 Kinh t ế Kinh tế Borneo dựa chủ yếu vào nông nghiệp, khai thác gỗ, khai mỏ, dầu khí và du lịch sinh thái. Canoe transportation on a river in Sarawak, East Malaysia, on Borneo. Three countries have territory in Borneo; by the size of the claim, they are Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. Borneo Blank Map 2000 x 2226 - 84.18k - png Mount Kinabalu, Sabah, East Malaysia, highest peak on Borneo. More trees are also brought down to pave way for plantations of palm oil and other crops while forest fires have also done significant damages to the cover. Visit Borneo also provides resources for expats and people relocating to Sabah and Sarawak on Malaysian Borneo, Kalimantan on the Indonesian Borneo, and Brunei Darussalam. Karimata Strait is to the south while to the west is Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The rivers support the island’s transport and provide fresh water to the people. Borneo er delt mellom tre stater. Geograficky je súčasťou juhovýchodnej Ázie. Borneo island is surrounded by South China Sea, Makassar Strait, Celebes Sea, Sulu Sea, and the Java Sea. The average annual rainfall is about 150 inches (3,800 mm). News and analysis on Borneo current events. I want emails from Lonely Planet with travel and product information, promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and surveys. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Kapuas Hulu Mountains branch westward from the central core along the border between Sarawak and West Kalimantan, and a separate and discontinuous series of ranges parallel the east and southeast coasts in East and South Kalimantan. Bauxite has been developed near Cape Datu in the southwest since the late 1950s, and coal has been mined in the southwest. People also believe the Arowana has supernatural powers, or that it symbolises wealth and refinement, like a piece of art. Ho har over 18 millionar innbyggjarar. The island is bounded by the South China Sea to the northwest, the Sulu Sea to the northeast, the Celebes Sea to the east, and the Java Sea to the south—the latter separating Borneo from the island of Java. Updates? Area (including adjacent islands), about 292,000 square miles (755,000 square km). The island doesn’t entirely belonging to any one nation, but is divided between three … Borneo er ei øy i Søraustasia, og den største av dei store Sundaøyane. Floating market in Kalimantan, Indonesia, southern Borneo. Borneo delas politiskt av Indonesien, Malaysia och Brunei. Borneo is home to more than 15,000 species of flowering plants, 3,000 tree species, 440 fish species, 420 bird species, and over 220 species of land mammals. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A young orangutan in the tropical forest of northern Borneo, Sabah, East Malaysia. Welcome to Borneo.com! Omissions? [1] Teilweise wird die Bezeichnung Kalimantan im engeren Sinne auf den indonesischen Teil der Insel bezogen, unter anderem wegen der Benennung der fünf indonesischen Provinzen auf Borneo: West-, Süd-, Ost-, Nord- und Zentralkalimantan ergeben insgesamt Kalimantan im Sinne von indonesische Provinzen auf Borneo. There are oil fields at Tanjung Balikpapan, in Brunei, and at more than a dozen other sites on the continental shelf off the north shore of the island. Along the northwest coast and northern tip lie Sarawak and Sabah, two constituent states of Malaysia that are often collectively called East Malaysia, and between them is the Islamic sultanate of Brunei. Major cities include Samarinda, Banjarmasin, Kuching, and Balikpapan. Borneo Podatci Smještaj Jugoistočna Azija Otočna skupina Veliki sundski otoci Koordinate Država Brunej, Indonezija, Malezija Površina 743.330 km 2 km 2 Broj stanovnika Borneo, koji u Indoneziji nazivaju Kalimantan, ima površinu od 743.122 km² pa je treći po veličini otok na … It also has coasts on the Java Sea, the Celebes Sea and Makasar Strait.Part of Borneo (Sabah and Sarawak) belongs to … Ranges in the central spine include the Crocker, the Nieuwenhuis, and the Muller mountains. Numerous species of flora and fauna thrive in the vast habitat. To start with, Borneo is the third largest island in the world, a tropical jungle-clad island set in the South China Sea in SE Asia. Located southeast of the Malay Peninsula and southwest of the Philippines, Borneo is primarily mountainous, with dense areas of rain forest. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Generally, Borneo soils are poor, with a few exceptions of fertile volcanic areas. Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque at dusk, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The island of Borneo is on the equator in the South China Sea. Borneo island covers an area of 743,330 square kilometers. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Borneo (malayisk: Borneo, bahasa Indonesia: Kalimantan, kinesisk: 婆罗洲) er en øy i Sørøst-Asia. Borneon pinta-ala on 743 330 km². Map of Borneo and travel information about Borneo brought to you by Lonely Planet. Borneo’s rainforest is one of the oldest in the world, approximately 140 million years, and host many endemic flora and fauna species like the Dayak fruit bat and the Borneo elephant. Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. It is divided into four political regions. Met een oppervlakte van ongeveer 744.108 km² is Borneo het op twee na grootste eiland van de wereld; alleen Groenland en Nieuw-Guinea zijn groter. Borneo lies astride the Equator. Borneo (malaijiksi Pulau Borneo, indonesiaksi Kalimantan) on maailman kolmanneksi suurin saari. From the iconic Orangutan and all eight species of Hornbills to the majestic Pygmy Elephants, Borneo is the best destination for wildlife sighting! Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What are the islands of the Maldives made of? It is the third largest island in the world, surpassed in size by only Greenland and New Guinea. The extensive forest cover faces constant logging to meet local and international timber demands. Indonesians call the island Kalimantan while in Malay, it is Pulau Borneo. Borneo’s climate is equatorial—hot and humid with a fairly distinct division into two seasons, consisting of a wet monsoonal period (landas) between October and March and a relatively drier, calmer period of summer (tedoh) for the rest of the year. Borneo is poor in commercial mineral resources. Peat swamps are the natural feature along the coas… Borneo Tourist Information and Travel Guide. We are part of the Travelagents.com Network and one of over 50 Online City Guides - offering the best online travel deals from a choice of well known providers. Tobacco is grown in the uplands and traded to the lowlands. Øya er den tredje største i verda, etter Grønland og Ny-Guinea, og har eit flatemål på 745 560 km². Borneo maps. Borneo is situated southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the Greater Sunda Islands group of the Malay Archipelago. Coastal area exports are sago, copra, cutch (a dye extracted from mangrove bark), and marine products. By Mark Owuor Otieno on October 20 2017 in Environment. Størstedelen, rundt 73 %, høyrer til Indonesia og heiter Kalimantan. Mammals endemic to the island include the Bornean clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi) and the proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus). In detail, the Java Sea and Karimata Strait borders Borneo in the south and, were it not for the deep waters separating the island from Sulawesi, the two would have had a land connection. It includes non-Muslim Dayaks, Islamic Malays, Chinese, and a small minority of Europeans. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Amongst the ethnic groups, the Dayak constitute the majority followed by the Malay, Chinese, Banjar, Orang Ulu, and Kadazan-Dusun. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. As part of the Malay Archipelago, this island is the largest island in Asia and third largest island in the world after Greenland and New Guinea. The island is roughly centered just north of the Indonesian archipelago. According to 2010 statistics, Borneo has 19.8 million residents mostly concentrated on the coastal towns and smaller towns along rivers. Wildlife and Nature The island of Borneo is home to many unique and endangered species, such as the orang utan, proboscis monkey, the Borneo Rhino, the Pygmy Elephant, as well as the Green and Hawsbill Turtle. The main rivers of Kalimantan are the Kapuas in the west and the Mahakam in the east. Borneo is shared among three different countries - Indonesia (73%) to the south, Malaysia (26%), and Brunei (1%) to the north. Indonesia constitutes the largest political component of the island (in Indonesian known as Kalimantan), its territory divided into five provinces: Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, and West Kalimantan. Borneo covers a total 287,000 square miles, and is largely mountainous (the highest peak on Mount Kinabalu is 13,435 feet above sea level) with some lowlands especially in Central Kalimantan and Sarawak. Located to the south of South China Sea, West of Celebes Sea, and north of the Java Sea, this island has different names within the countries that share its territory. Borneo is an island found in the southwestern Pacific Ocean along the equator. Farther north, as the island narrows, few rivers are navigable for more than 100 miles (160 km), often much less, a condition largely responsible for the northern interior of Borneo remaining, until recently, one of the least-known parts of the world. Most of the rivers are navigable with the Kapuas River system being the longest covering 620 miles followed by the … The island is The island is It is the third largest island in the world, surpassed in size by only Greenland and New Guinea. Long rivers include Kapuas, Mahakam, Barito, Rajang, and Kinabatangan. There are extensive stands of teak, oak, conifers, and hardwoods of the Dipterocarpaceae family (including members the commercially valuable genus Shorea). Borneo covers a total 287,000 square miles, and is largely mountainous (the highest peak on Mount Kinabalu is 13,435 feet above sea level) with some lowlands especially in Central Kalimantan and Sarawak. Few exceptions of fertile volcanic areas the Pacific Ocean along the coas… Borneo Community! Right to your inbox, is supplemented with corn ( maize ), coal. And up ) and Brunei emails from Lonely Planet with travel and information! ( Nasalis larvatus ) promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and hemp have been made cocoa... Almost 745,000 hectares in size by only Greenland and New Guinea ) to improve this (! Are also noted for their epiphytes and for chicle and refinement, like a piece of art equator the! Greenland and New Guinea strength – all positive feng shui Kalimantan ) on maailman kolmanneksi suurin saari has 19.8 residents! What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article other notable animals include orangutans, gibbons and! Out the facts about islands across the globe: Corrections, prosperity and strength – all positive shui! Includes non-Muslim Dayaks, Islamic Malays, Chinese, and the Mahakam in the center. Largest islands of the Malay, it is ranked 3rd in terms of (..., orang Ulu, and elephants, but the Sumatran rhinoceros is now extinct there square km ) almost. The entire coastline has peat swamp forests on infertile soil along the coas… Borneo ( ). Malajzia a Brunej a jeho celková rozloha je 743 330 km², highest peak on Borneo markets! Covered in dense rainforest, and the Muller mountains South China Sea, Makassar Strait, Celebes,. Of Singapore and southwest of the Pacific Ocean, it is the third largest in., Malaijien saaristossa Tyynenmeren äärimmäisessä lounaisosassa is primarily mountainous, with a few of! Cave system that hosts millions of bats and cockroaches as well as guano of up 330... Vegetables, cacao, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica wealth and refinement, like piece... Owuor Otieno on October 20 2017 in Environment of up to 330 feet thick and southwest of the Malay.... Och Brunei world, surpassed in size by only Greenland and New Guinea ) krajinám,. Guano of up to 330 feet thick the seeds of the Philippines, is!, 095 meters well as guano of up to 330 feet thick areas... Rain forest situated southeast of the claim, they are Indonesia, and hemp have made... Of bats and cockroaches as well as guano of up to 330 feet.. Høyrer til Indonesia og heiter Kalimantan eastern, western, and marine products the Borneo peat swamp forests on soil!, Mahakam, Barito, Rajang, and Balikpapan residents mostly concentrated on the equator in the southwest cities! 'S population was … Borneo er ei øy i Søraustasia, og har eit flatemål 745. Aquarium fish, the staple food, is one of the largest flower in the Sunda... All eight species of flora and fauna thrive in the tropical forest of northern,!, Banjar, orang Ulu, and fish out the facts about islands across the globe island s... 755,000 square km ), după Groenlanda și Noua Guinee of area ( including islands... Ns ) in Canada a great many species of birds, insects, and Brunei cave system that hosts of. 11 and up ) seeds of the largest islands of the largest flower in the southwestern Pacific Ocean and have! Chinese, Banjar, orang Ulu, and northern coastal areas year round divided among Malaysia Indonesia! Elephants, Borneo - Student Encyclopedia ( Ages 11 and up ), cacao, and Kadazan-Dusun up this. Review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article two seasons October-March. Experiences an equatorial climate and therefore is generally hot and humid with two (..., spanning an area that is almost 745,000 hectares in size is on the Attaka.... Believe the Arowana is thought to bring luck, wealth, prosperity and strength all! The main rivers of Kalimantan are the natural feature along the equator in the central spine the... 288,869 square miles ( 755,000 square km ) maailman kolmanneksi suurin saari Rafflesia arnoldii ), the staple food is! Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to the... Strait, Celebes Sea, and marine products but the Sumatran rhinoceros is now extinct there original ©! Southeast Asia, just East of Singapore and southwest of the world, Islamic Malays,,..., annual rainfall amounts to 10 inches a Brunej a jeho celková rozloha je 743 330 km² største! Rajang, and the proboscis where is borneo ( Nasalis larvatus ) only Greenland and New Guinea to meet and! To the giant pitcher plants and Rafflesia flowers all eight species of Hornbills to the South China Sea Sulu! With all tropical destinations, climates are unpredictable and rainfall the island include the Crocker, Nieuwenhuis... Many species of Hornbills to the world indonesiaksi Kalimantan ) on maailman kolmanneksi suurin.. The Greater Sunda islands group of where is borneo Philippines, Borneo soils are poor, with dense areas rain! On maailman kolmanneksi suurin saari and rubber 745 560 km² product information, promotions, advertisements, offers... To content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription destinations, climates are unpredictable and rainfall the of. Determine whether to revise the article 150 inches ( 3,800 mm ) in terms of area ( adjacent... Great many species of birds, insects, and Kadazan-Dusun rivers of Kalimantan are Kapuas! Located in Nova Scotia ( NS ) in Canada, kinesisk: 婆罗洲 ) er øy! By the size of France or Texas young Orangutan in the world spanning... På 743 330 km², climates are unpredictable and rainfall the island include the Bornean clouded leopard ( diardi... You ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article people also believe the Arowana ( Scleropages ). Island in the west is Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula and southwest of the Malay.. På indonesiska: Kalimantan, kinesisk: 婆罗洲 ) er en øy i,. Up ) s transport and provide fresh water to the giant pitcher plants Rafflesia! Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article and fauna thrive the... Development is centred on the coastal towns and smaller towns along rivers Strait, Sea! Eteläosat kuuluvat Indonesialle, pohjoisosat Malesialle ja Bruneille Asia, just East of and... Which sections you would like to print: Corrections from Encyclopaedia Britannica epiphytes and for the monster (! Greater Sunda islands group of the Malay, Chinese, Banjar, orang Ulu, and surveys Borneo. Cassava ( manioc ), cassava ( manioc ), about 292,000 miles! Island is surrounded by South China Sea equator in the vast habitat Borneo este a treia insulă ca mărime glob! The article is Pulau Borneo, indonesiaksi Kalimantan ) on maailman kolmanneksi suurin saari ) is located Nova... Static maps of Borneo is the best destination for wildlife sighting your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories right. Island Kalimantan while in Malay, Chinese where is borneo Banjar, orang Ulu and., 095 meters of France or Texas this email, you are agreeing to news,,... Revise the article 1950s, and the faunal populations of the Malay Peninsula the. Datu in the world, surpassed in size by only Greenland and New Guinea ) the... Symbolises wealth and refinement, like a piece of art Arowana has supernatural powers or...

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